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Walking Within Visions of Gothic and Cosmic Horror in ‘Bloodborne’



From Software’s Bloodborne, a Souls series spin-off, is perhaps one of the most fully, aesthetically and atmospherically, realized games that I have had the pleasure to come across within my lifetime.

Personally, I consider Bloodborne to be the best adaptation of Lovecraft’s themes I have ever seen; instead of using Cthulhu memes to imply a superficial and easy-to-understand weirdness, there’s actual depth, and results of the horrors that can come forth from the human mind are built and available, with all their complexities, as a world to walk within.

Wandering through some of the landscapes in Bloodborne feels like stepping forth on the flesh of a madman’s brain, though slowly sinking in quicksand in the process.

The surface of this madness is tinged with Gothic horror– of sickly plagued men with burning torches, lycan beasts, blood-hungry vampiric humans, an old village of witches tucked away beyond a looming forest and other such, usually sanguinolent, things.

The complimentary nature of all elements is evident from the title screen to the end credits. Nothing is out of place. Upper Cathedral Ward (with its tremendous choir) and The Fishing Hamlet are strikingly different, but they obviously belong to the same world.

These kind of visual and thematic ideas gradually evolve into different incarnations as you progress from one area to another.

With all the beautiful intricacies of this world’s setting, simply pressing the SHARE button doesn’t do the game any justice, nor does it rightly represent my time in Yharnam.

As such, my method of capturing images in Bloodborne is more in line with the idea of witnessing events and places from the perspective of my player character. I want to capture the Yharnam my character walks within, beyond the overlaid menu and button prompts. Post-play, I can stitch together visuals of this world and appreciate every fine detail in a way not always possible when you’re actively playing and have to be aware of things that might suddenly attack you.

The good ol’ “hide HUD and use binoculars/monocular” trick that I’ve come to know in Souls game was what I utilized here to achieve this first-person perspective (though with the added step that requires you to use the “sit down” gesture).

In a way, it’s like using a very limited in-game camera. These limitations, however, are what also, at times, inspire focused outcomes.

Adapting Lovecraftian cosmic horror themes is nothing new in games, and dying worlds telling tales of the past is a common trait in the Souls series. But to utilize it in such a context where the dreamscape atmosphere of it all oozes, or rather bleeds, into the actual experience of playing the game is pretty unique.

Via visual storytelling, Bloodborne writes the perfect epitaph for the world in which you now hunt; a world that, unlike the worlds in Souls games, is not yet dead but is instead in the process of dying.

Throughout my, now countless, playthroughs, each time I enter Yharnam, it feels as if I have arrived at a location that may actually exist. Each area naturally (and then unnaturally) transitions into the next in a way that the reminds me of the first Dark Souls title, but in a more, at times, abstract and metaphysical level.

The Chalice Dungeons too, while a little more removed from the rest of the game’s setting, have an unsettling allure that isn’t misplaced.

These dungeons seem to not exist in the “real world” (or dream world?) of the rest of the game, but rather as endless tunnels representing the buried, secret history of Yharnam’s ancestors, the Pthumerians.

Whether it’s time travel or going through a dream-like recollection of the past, venturing into this underground dimension brings a different ambiance to the game while still feeling like a well-suited part of a whole. I remember the awe and wonder that came over me as I ventured into the deeper layers of these dungeons, especially in the Isz Chalice Dungeons, where fog, that looks like bursts of outer space, weaves through alien and plant-like infested ruins.

Others have accomplished insightful reads into the inspirations that, at least on a basic level, make Bloodborne what it is. I’m not a fan of over-analyzation of the alleged meanings of the game’s narratives, opting to enjoy the game as it is presented to me, and learn about the external influences that created this game that I hold in such high esteem.

The best I can do, in that regard, is take pictures that highlight the things I love the most about Bloodborne, which is just about everything really.

(All images featured in this article were taken by the author)

Full gallery of images:


Immensely fascinated by the arts and interactive media, Maxwell N's views and opinions are backed by a vast knowledge of and passion for film, music, literature and video game history. His other endeavors and hobbies include fiction writing, creating experimental soundscapes, and photography. A Los Angeles, CA local, he currently lives with his wife and two pet potatoes/parrots in Austin, TX. He can mostly be found hanging around Twitter as @maxn_



  1. mojack411

    September 20, 2017 at 9:54 am

    Very impressive photo work that truly highlight the atmosphere of the game. I’ve honestly never read any of Lovecraft’s works because I’m always scared that they’ll freak me out. After playing Bloodborne, though, I feel like I’ve come to understand even a little bit why he is so famous.

    • Maxwell N

      September 20, 2017 at 6:44 pm


      They’re not scary in the modern gore and jump-scare sense, more like psychological concepts and aliens/gods etc. It might be hard to get into if you’re not used to it, but I would recommend researching what you do end up reading since there are a lot of edition with typos and errors.

      Also keep in mind that while Bloodborne lifts a lot of elements from Lovecraft, they’re mostly superficial in terms of their exploration. Bloodborne sort of takes general ideas but then makes it its own. So, if there is a creature in Bloodborne that is exactly like one from his works, it might just mean that the look and general idea served as inspirations, but the creature’s story itself beyond that isn’t related.

      Or it might be, but we can’t/shouldn’t assume that.

  2. Kyle Rogacion

    September 23, 2017 at 1:51 am

    Great writeup, Max! I love how you describe Yharnam as “a world that, unlike the worlds in Souls games, is not yet dead but is instead in the process of dying.” Very sensual piece in the literal definition of the word. You do an excellent job of conveying not only the mood and tone of the game, but how it affected you as the player.

    On a related note, this notion of eldritch, unseen horrors seeping into the mortal world and slowly taking root is a large reason of why I love the Warhammer franchise, both Fantasy and 40k. Grimdark, when done right, is a gloriously morbid aesthetic that perfectly plays on the innate human fear of the cold unfairness of the universe; this idea that everything we are and everything we do is insignificant.

    • Maxwell N

      September 23, 2017 at 10:05 pm

      I’ll admit I’m not that familiar with the Warhammer series beyond knowing the basics of the table-top games. But, from what I have seen, a lot of those kinds of games seem to do a good job in taking Lovecraftian elements and making them their own.

      See, I’m not sure if I would describe it as “grimdark”. The horror often comes from implication and what isn’t there (until it is). There’s this feeling of being out of the loop that makes it very fascinating.

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